It’s the big moment before graduation: the submission of the bachelor’s or master’s thesis. Many students want to gild the grade again or you just want to see what you can do and get the best possible grade.

Lately, I’ve received numerous calls about what you pay attention to in a review and how a bachelor’s or master’s thesis is actually evaluated. I want to show my experience in this article. In my view, there are formal and informal criteria.

There are formal criteria of the university and numerous non-formal criteria, which depend on your supervisors (Image source: Wikipedia)

Formal criteria

The criteria of formal evaluation are often well documented and you can find them on the respective pages of the university. In my case, for example:

  • Structuring
  • Argumentation structure
  • Clarity of content
  • Literature processing
  • Complexity and novelty of the topic
  • Accuracy of the executions
  • Quotes and formatting
  • Spelling
  • Style/linguistic expression
  • Content (this is the largest block and is explained by me in the non-formal criteria)

You can actually meet these criteria yourself very well. See that you use a clean language and structure the work logically clean. You should also use the methods such as interviews or literature analysis cleanly. There are many tips on the Internet and on my blog that you just have to follow. Here’s a reading tip:

Non-formal criteria

In the case of a Bachlor or Master’s thesis, an expert opinion must always be prepared. You have to explain what is excellent, very good or just good at the work, but which is also less successful. In the end, it depends on how to relate the positive and negative aspects of work to each other and how to weight them. Also, it is often subjective how to evaluate certain facts. Some prefer Fettke’s literature analysis and others after Webster and Watson. Also, the content can always be viewed subjectively. For example, some journals really didn’t like my research papers and others found them very valuable. It’s like good wine: it’s in the eye of the beholder!

Every single bachelor’s or master’s thesis could theoretically be top in terms of content or fall through! This differs according to caregiver!

In general, it helps: if you have a lot of contact with the supervisor, he does not see the work for the first time when he is given. The bachelor’s or master’s thesis delivered at the end should already have a comprehensive feedback cycle with the supervisor behind you.

My tip: Always coordinate with the supervisors. Content points can often be viewed subjectively and represent the largest part of the evaluation. Find out exactly how your caregiver wants it. He gives the grade and is thus the measure of all things!


You notice that the evaluation of a bachelor’s or master’s thesis is not easy and that the formal criteria represent only a fraction. A lot of things end up depending on the caregiver and you should therefore coordinate closely with the supervisors. So always try to get a lot of feedback and to incorporate the wishes of the caregiver or convince him of your solution. Thus, the grades are often given after the bachelor’s or master’s thesis has been delivered without surprises.

Image source:

Are there any questions?

If you have any questions, I have two tips. I have summarized my experience from 5 years in the supervision of theses in the book: "Recommendations for the Bachelor and Master thesis". This is available at Springer and Amazon since August 2020. The book is an official reference book and can be quoted. You are also welcome to give me a call. Just look in the booking system for a free appointment . I take a few hours every month to help students.

My tip before submitting your thesis

It is always worth doing a professional thesis Proofreading or check plagiarism to let. The benefit is that you will also get feedback and improve your academic style. Providers such as Scribbr help with good prices for the thesis.

Gender note: I have used the masculine form for easier readability. Unless an explicit distinction is made, women, diverse and men as well as people of all origins and nations are meant. Read more about this.


I blog about the impact of digitalization on our working environment. For this purpose, I present content from science in a practical way and show helpful tips from my everyday work. I am a manager in an SME myself and I wrote my doctoral thesis at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg at the chair of IT Management.