Globalisation in the context of enterprises is understood in this work as cross-border or worldwide entrepreneurial activities. These locational advantages should lead to competitive advantages. I have studied these studies in the course of my research.

Study 1: Bertelsmann Foundation

The first study was carried out by the Bertelsmann Stiftung (2018). Statistics are used to derive a globalisation index. In international comparison, Germany ranks 18th (66.29 out of 100). Ireland, the Netherlands and Belgium are in the top three. The index is based on data on economic, social and political globalisation. The study shows that gross domestic product, especially in Germany, depends to a large part on the success of globalization. The decisive factor for Germany is global trade, especially as an export to other countries.

Study 2: Haufe 2017

For cooperation in the context of globalisation, across national borders, the virtual team of Importance. In a study by Brauner et al. in a magazine by Haufe (2017) more than 600 skilled workers from some international virtual teams. The study focused on the conditions for efficient work in virtual teams.

The results are based on the criteria of competence, goodwill, integrity and transparency. Competence means the individual expertise, qualifications and reputation of the respective employee. The study also examines a concrete implementation in software, whereby software with online profiles, special bagdes (gamification) and online feedback sheets are considered helpful.

Another criterion is goodwill. The authors distinguish between professional and personal support. Concrete implementation possibilities arise via chat forums and virtual meetings.

Furthermore, according to the study, integrity is an essential criterion. It is reflected in compliance with deadlines, accessibility and respect for company-internal rules and guidelines. According to the study, this can be ensured by value profiles, response time/availability requirements and regular meetings.

The final criterion is transparency. According to the study, this means clear tasks and responsibilities as well as sharing information throughout the team. Project plans and electronic documentation are mentioned as tools. The following figure summarizes the criteria.

Results of the study by Breuer et al. (own illustration according to Haufe 2017)


Global work is becoming more and more important and needs a meaningful and constructive IT landscape and processes. These are not simple and very complex. It is still difficult to capture these in concrete studies, but the frameworks are a first aid.


Bertelsmann. (2018). Globalization Report 2018. Retrieved May 20, 2020, from

Haufe. (2017). Success factors for virtual communication and cooperation. Retrieved May 20, 2020, from


Gender note: I have used the male form for easier reading. If no explicit distinction is made, women, miscellaneous and men as well as people of any origin and nation are always meant. Read more.

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I blog about the impact of digitalization on our working environment. For this purpose, I present content from science in a practical way and show helpful tips from my everyday work. I am a manager in an SME myself and I wrote my doctoral thesis at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg at the chair of IT Management.

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